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Referencing, and RefWorks and EndNote

An overview of the UHI Harvard referencing system, and the RefWorks and EndNote reference management tools

Harvard Cite Them Right and UHI Harvard compared

The following table provides a comparison of the differences between the outgoing UHI Harvard style and Harvard Cite Them Right (CTR).

Resource UHI Harvard Format CTR Harvard format CTR differences
Printed book
  • Author.  
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title. (in italics)
  • Edition. (if not the first edition).
  • Place of publication: Publisher
  • Author
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title. (in italics)
  • Edition. (edition number if not the first edn and/or rev. edn)
  • Place of publication: Publisher.
  • Series and volume number (where relevant).
Full stop at the end of the reference.
Website or web resource
  • Author.
  • (year of publication/update)
  • Website or Resource Title
  • [online].
  • Available from  
  • <URL>
  • [Day Month Year]
  • Author.
  • (year that the site was published/last updated)
  • Title of web page.
  • Available at: URL
  • (Accessed: date)
  1. Full stop after title of web page.
  2. Available from is now Available at with a colon.
  3. URL is not in angle brackets.
  4. Date is in round, not square brackets.
  5. Accessed: comes before the date information.
  6. Full stop at the end of the reference.
Journal article
  • Author.
  • (year of publication)
  • ‘Article Title’.
  • Journal Title
  • volume number
  • (issue number),
  • page number-page number
  • Author.
  • (year of publication)
  • ‘Title of article’,
  • Title of Journal, (capitalise first letter of each word in title, except for linking words such as and, of, the, for)
  • Issue information: volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable, part number, month or season (all in round brackets)
  • Page reference (if available) or article number

If accessed online:

Available at: DOI or URL (if required) (Accessed: date)

  1. Comma instead of full stop after title of article.
  2. Comma after journal title.
  3. No space between volume and issue number, e.g., 2(1).
  4. pp. before page numbers.
  5. Full stop at the end of the reference unless the reference ends with a DOI.

Cite Them Right covers a wider variety of sources than UHI Harvard, including:

  1. Audio books
  2. Pamphlets
  3. Reprints and facsimile edition
  4. Ancient and historical formats
  5. Literature and cultural events
  6. Reference works
  7. Religious texts
  8. Translated and other languages
  9. Prepublication journal articles
  10. Systematic reviews
  11. Radio and internet radio
  12. Podcasts
  13. Lyrics from songs or hymns
  14. Films or movies
  15. Films on DVD or Blu-ray
  16. Films on video cassettes
  17. Directors' commentaries on DVD or Blu-ray
  18. Interviews with film directors
  19. Episodes of a television series
  20. Television programmes
  21. Television programmes or series on DVD or Blu-ray
  22. Separate episodes from DVD or Blu-ray box-sets
  23. Liner notes
  24. Music or sound recordings on audio cassettes
  25. Music or sound recordings on audio CDs or vinyl
  26. Book illustrations, figures, diagrams, logos and tables
  27. Geological Survey maps
  28. GIS maps
  29. Online maps
  30. Ordnance Survey maps
  31. Map datasets
  32. Medical images
  33. Screenshots
  34. Word clouds and infographics
  35. Circuses
  36. Concerts
  37. Dance
  38. Dances or plays filmed and viewed online
  39. Exhibitions
  40. Installations and exhibits

And much more.